South Korea's Moon: Kim Jong Un Still Committed To Denuclearization

May 27, 2018
Originally published on May 27, 2018 7:10 am

A topsy-turvy week on the Korean peninsula ended with a secret Saturday summit between the rival Korean leaders, in which North Korea's Kim Jong Un again made a commitment to denuclearization. That's according to his South Korean negotiating partner, President Moon Jae-in, who met on Kim's request. The two reaffirmed previous commitments to inter-Korean cooperation and worked to keep momentum driving toward a U.S.-North Korea summit.

"What's uncertain for him is not his intentions for denuclearization, but Washington's stance in hostile relations with North Korea, and whether Washington can really secure and guarantee his regime," Moon said, in a rare Sunday morning press conference. Elected on his strong pro-engagement positions, Moon said he pressed with Kim that North Korea and the U.S. need to keep direct communication channels open, in order to "eradicate chances for misunderstanding."

On Thursday, citing North Korean "hostility," Trump abruptly called off a summit he had scheduled with Kim. By the weekend, however, Trump seemed to signal things could be back on. "We're looking at June 12 in Singapore, that hasn't changed," Trump said.

The off-again, on-again diplomacy is making Korea watchers dizzy.

"It's really gotten to the point where if you walk away from your computer or your Twitter feed for more than 10 minutes you find yourself hopelessly out of date," says the Heritage Foundation's Bruce Klingner, who's a former CIA analyst on the Koreas.

When Moon was asked whether Kim supported the U.S. definition of denuclearization — which is an irreversible, verifiable giving-up of nuclear arms — Moon said that's up to Washington and Pyongyang to work out.

"The two sides are still very wide apart on what they feel denuclearization is," Klingner said.

Whether they can bridge that gap in the coming weeks may decide whether Trump and Kim will meet face-to-face. Both Korean leaders say they're invested in making that summit happen.

NPR News Assistant Se Eun Gong contributed to this post.

Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

LULU GARCIA-NAVARRO, HOST:

And now to Korea. A week of twists and turns on the Korean Peninsula is ending on a hopeful note. Yesterday, leaders of the rival Koreas met for an impromptu summit at their shared border. As NPR's Elise Hu reports, they're trying to salvage a recently scrapped summit between Pyongyang and Washington.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

PRESIDENT MOON JAE-IN: (Speaking in Korean).

ELISE HU, BYLINE: South Korea's president, Moon Jae-in, appeared before cameras to talk about his surprise secret Saturday summit with Kim Jong Un. He says Kim reached out on Friday to ask for a face-to-face meeting. And by the next afternoon, the men managed to meet up. Through a translator, Moon said Kim's recent commitment to denuclearization remains.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

MOON: (Through interpreter) What's uncertain for him is not his intentions for denuclearization but Washington's stance in hostile relations with North Korea and whether Washington can really secure and guarantee its regime.

HU: This second meeting in two months happened after President Trump abruptly called off a scheduled U.S.-North Korea summit on Thursday. Just last night, the U.S. president said things might be back on.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: So we're looking at June 12 in Singapore. That hasn't changed.

HU: The off-again on-again diplomacy is making many Korea watchers dizzy, says The Heritage Foundation's Bruce Klingner. He's a former CIA analyst on the Koreas.

BRUCE KLINGNER: It's really gotten to the point where if you walk away from your computer or your Twitter feed for more than about 10 minutes, you find yourself hopelessly out of date.

HU: Moon Jae-in says he pressed with Kim that direct communication with the U.S. is key, and a lot of that will be needed to work out specifics. When Moon was asked whether Kim supported the U.S. definition of denuclearization, which is an irreversible verifiable giving up of nuclear arms, Moon said that's up to Washington and Pyongyang to work out. Bruce Klingner.

KLINGNER: The two sides are still very wide apart on what they feel denuclearization is.

HU: Whether they can bridge that gap in the coming weeks is the question holding up a Trump-Kim meeting. Both Korean leaders say they're invested in making that summit happen. Elise Hu, NPR News, Seoul. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.