Lake Effect

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Short on time but know you need to exercise? Adding small bouts of exercise — as little as one minute — into your day can make a big difference to your health and your well being. Here are eight workouts to get you moving and working on the five pillars of fitness: cardio, mobility, strength, flexibility, and balance.

Cardio keeps your heart and lungs healthy while circulating oxygen and energy throughout your body. You can get your cardio in at home, work or anywhere you have the time and space to perform a no-impact movement like marching in place or jumping jacks.

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There are many reasons we watch the Super Bowl: the half-time performance, the ads, and, of course, the game. But as James South notes, whatever your reasons for watching, you're participating in a cultural phenomenon.

South is a professor of philosophy at Marquette University and a pop culture expert. He says one of the reasons the Super Bowl is such a touchstone in American culture is its combination of pageantry, violence, and high stakes.

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It’s no secret that the universe is vast. The distances between us and our closest astronomical neighbors are huge and the numbers only get bigger the farther away those stars and galaxies are from us. So, how do astronomers grapple with it to make the size of the universe understandable to the rest of us?

Jean Creighton, Lake Effect's astronomy contributor, says one way we do it is by using orders of magnitude. Another way is by using time as a measure. That seems odd until you realize we do it all the time:

Baker & Godwin / Wikimedia Commons

In 1850, a magazine declared John C. Frémont as one of the three most important world historical figures since Jesus Christ.

Wait, John who?

Most of us don’t recall the name Frémont from our history lessons even though you can find a “Frémont” village, river, hotel, or school throughout the country. But John Frémont was very much a part of westward expansion, mapping America, the Civil War, and the origins of the Republican Party.

Susan Bence

In the coming months, Lake Effect will be exploring the impact of climate change through a series of conversations with Paul Roebber, a distinguished professor of atmospheric science at UW-Milwaukee. The series will include listener questions about how climate change is directly impacting our region and our lives.

Roebber explains that climate is a complex, dynamical system that changes over periods of time — some long and some short.

Paula Poundstone has been a regular panelist on the weekly NPR news quiz Wait! Wait!...Don’t Tell Me! for years. But she’s been influential on the American comedy scene since before that. Poundstone is also known for her HBO specials in the 1980s, she was the first woman to host the White House Correspondents’ Association dinner, and she has just about endless stand-up credentials.

Essay: Still Life

Jan 29, 2020
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The relationships we share with our siblings are unique — whether some consider it a bond, or at times, a burden. For Lake Effect essayist Joanne Nelson, thinking about her brother brings up many mixed emotions. She remembers the man once filled with buzzing energy while contending with the image of who he turned into:

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What if your ID doesn't have your current address because you don't have a current address? What if you have a felony conviction? Or what if you can’t physically get into your polling place? How can you still vote?

The Flash Nites

Imagine it’s pitch dark out and you’re driving down a road in the middle of nowhere. Then, you see an abandoned structure and you decide to go exploring.

That’s what Chris and Katie Robleski do with their night photography. They call themselves The Flash Nites, and for half of the year they’re out investigating abandoned structures in the dark and illuminating history.

With just a full moon, a flashlight and long exposure photography, they turn lost Americana into unique art — usually while trespassing.

Liz Falkowski

Linda Grus remembers her mother, Hilde Jach, as a strong woman who didn’t take guff from anyone. Born in Parchim, Germany in 1925, Jach was shaped by the tragedy of World War II.

“Her brothers, her mother, her father, her grandparents were all killed during the war,” says Grus. In the wake of such profound loss, Jach created a new life for herself.

Emily Files

A new report from a University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee researcher highlights one reason African American teachers may leave classrooms: trust issues in the work environment.

The Joy Of Cookbooks

Jan 27, 2020
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Food is essential to life. But cooking food well isn't a skill we're born with. Not all of us have the time, money or inclination to take cooking classes, or had parents who taught us to cook. 

Enter cookbooks.

Cookbook sales, especially those by celebrity chefs, are outpacing the sales of many other kinds of books. But Americans go out to eat now more than ever. So, how many of us actually use cookbooks or their online counterparts to make a dish or a meal?

Galicia Jewish Museum

Seventy-five years ago, Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland was liberated by the Russian Army. The days that followed were filled with chaos, as liberators grappled with how to care for those still alive in the camp. There were warehouses full of stolen goods, like shoes, glasses, and other personal items. And somewhere, in all of the turmoil, there was a small school book: a diary belonging to Rywka Lipsyzc.

Chuck Quirmbach

If you use energy efficient LED light bulbs in your home, you partly have Chuck Swoboda to thank. He spent 16 years as CEO of Cree Inc., a company that helped bring LED lighting to the market.

Weather's Going To Happen Whether Or Not We're Ready

Jan 22, 2020
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The United States may be divided politically, but there's one thing just about everyone agrees on: Why can’t the weather forecast be more accurate?

There are certain things that can’t be predicted, but weather forecasting has become better in the past couple of decades as computer modeling has improved both in speed and accuracy. And those improvements are, in large part, thanks to Paul Roebber. He's a distinguished professor of mathematical and atmospheric sciences at UW-Milwaukee, and one of the leading forecasting experts in the U.S., and the world.