If you take a look around Milwaukee and its surrounding communities, you may have noticed that coffee shops are kind of the new corner stores. From international chains like Starbucks to local roasters like Stone Creek, coffee seems to have taken over the city.
But this didn't happen overnight. In fact, Milwaukee's coffee scene has been growing for decades to become the powerhouse it is today. But how did this happen? And is Milwaukee's coffee scene unique compared to similar-sized cities?
"Per capita and per population," he says, "Milwaukee, quite frankly, shouldn’t have as good of a coffee scene as it does compared to other cities."
But before we dive into Milwaukee, here's a glimpse of the coffee scene from a national perspective.
Peet's Coffee, a Berkeley institution, initiated coffee culture on the West Coast in 1966. Originally, Starbucks bought their beans from Peet's.
"From Peet's, we see all these other brands develop — all these devotees — and that way of thinking about sourcing actually from the farm in Bolivia, in Brazil, in Colombia, in Southeast Asia, wherever," Kyle says.
Peet's also inspired people to appreciate the flavor those coffee beans have.
"Not over roasting them and just turning them into one big chocolate-y cherry bomb, which is the easiest thing to do by the way, just over roast and then everything tastes the same. Burn the toast, right? It’s all the same. And that’s the West Coast aesthetic," he explains.
When it comes to the East Coast, Kyle compares the style to a quote from food writer Clementine Paddleford:
“Coffee is the Italian espresso. Black as an owl's nest at midnight. One sip burns your tonsils and two sips shines your shoes.”
Consequentially, the West and the East Coast flavor profiles eventually mixed, creating exotic and new choices for coffee drinkers, especially those in the Midwest.
The two growing coffee scenes sparked Milwaukee roasters, which didn't get their big break until the early 1990s. Two of the biggest Milwaukee roasters today, Colectivo and Stone Creek, were both founded in 1993 and started selling in the North Shore neighborhood.
"If you want to go to the epicenter of the original coffee culture in Milwaukee, you just go to either Bayshore Mall or Whitefish Bay. You’re kind of right in that North Shore neighborhood, that’s where great coffee began," Kyle explains.
Here's a map of some of the roasters and cafes that call Milwaukee home:
Popular national coffee roasters, such as Stumptown and Four Barrel, weren't on the map until the 2000s. That makes Milwaukee ahead of the curve.
"Milwaukee folks were easily a decade ahead of the rest of the artisan or third wave, as it’s sometimes called, of coffee. The really great microlots, the way that people talk about wine talking about coffee and considering it and roasting it and presenting it in that capacity, we were doing it a decade before some of the really big names," Kyle says.
(For those of you who aren't coffee snobs, microlots are small plots of land that farmers put extra time and effort into to grow higher quality coffee beans.)
Because of that jump-start into creating more innovative coffee, Milwaukee's coffee drinkers formed a specific flavor palette.
"We’ve got great coffee, and we’ve got people here demanding great coffee. That’s a match made in heaven," Kyle says.
So now that we've identified that Milwaukee's coffee scene is, indeed, special... just how special is it?
"When you look at Milwaukee as compared by population with a Cleveland or an Asheville or a Nashville or a San Diego, something like that, we’re way ahead of them. Miles and miles and miles," Kyle says.
So, it's true. Milwaukee is the Midwest’s pioneer of great coffee. It's a perfect mix of coffee makers and coffee lovers.
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