For the past 16 months, Angelo Mike has been living in his beige Toyota Camry in L.A.'s San Fernando Valley. It's difficult for obvious reasons: no bed, no kitchen, no bathroom. But, Mike says, structure and organization make it manageable.
Until recently, his daily routine involved waking up by 6:00 a.m. most mornings and heading to a nearby gym. There he'd exercise and shower. If he didn't need to be on set — Mike works as a crew member on movie sets — he'd head to the library after the gym to work on his laptop and search for new gigs.
Then came the coronavirus. "Basically the only place I go now is the park," Mike says.
In order to slow the virus' spread, both the city-operated Los Angeles Public Library and the Los Angeles County Library have closed all branches at least until the end of the month. Gyms and fitness centers throughout the county are also closed. While many L.A. residents will turn to e-books or online workouts, these closures are upending daily life for the region's unhoused population.
Close to 60,000 people live on the streets or in cars or shelters in L.A. County, according to the latest count by the Los Angeles Homeless Services Authority. Like Mike, many rely on an unofficial social service network cobbled together from various places offering running water, Internet access, electrical outlets and a free or cheap place to sit. Libraries, gyms, coffee shops and fast food restaurants all help fill gaps in the social safety net.
Replacing the loss of sink and toilet access is a high priority for officials, according to Heidi Marston, interim executive director of the Homeless Services Authority, a city-county agency.
"The big thing there is just the capacity reduction for ... restrooms and hand-washing, or even just a place where people can go," she says. "Where we're losing capacity, we're spending a lot of time trying to rebuild it, so we're not losing those very critical hygiene services."
For example, the Homeless Services Authority has been working with the city to roll out hundreds of mobile toilets and sinks, prioritizing locations near large encampments with no other access to such facilities. One of these stations sits in L.A.'s Echo Park neighborhood, across the street from a freeway underpass where the sidewalks are lined with tents. It includes two portable toilets and a small sink stocked with a soap dispenser and paper towels. On a recent afternoon, security guard Josh Givens said he'd seen about 10 people an hour stopping in to use the facilities.
City, county and California state officials are working on various plans to move people experiencing homelessness indoors. That includes new emergency shelters as well as creating quarantine spaces for unhoused coronavirus patients if needed. In the meantime, the City of Los Angeles has suspended enforcement of a rule requiring people to take tents down during the day.
"The ideal solution is to provide housing and shelter and allow people to ... come indoors ..." wrote the three L.A. City Council members who introduced the tent proposal. "But, in the meantime, people remain on our streets."
For Angelo Mike, he's been mostly keeping to himself in his car or outdoors. Even if he had the opportunity to go to a shelter, he says, he's concerned about their typically close quarters due to the potential spreading of coronavirus. So instead he keeps his vehicle near a park in L.A.'s Sun Valley neighborhood — a quiet, suburban area. He's tried washing up in the park restroom but says the water is uncomfortably cold in the mornings and flows through a faucet that needs to be pressed continually.
"You can't rub your hands together," he says. "I rinse myself off in the morning with just a bottle of water now."
During the day he wears a thick pair of gardening gloves for protection, and sometimes a mask. He's able to pick up meals at a local food bank. But with no library and nowhere to charge his laptop, look for jobs or even just sit, he has time to fill. He spends a lot of it walking around the park. It helps to exercise, he says, "so I don't have this anxiety built up in me." A few times a day he calls his mom in Virginia. He's also been shooting his own mini-films on his phone and posting them to social media, documenting his experience.
"Just to show people what's going on," he says. "How am I surviving ... to make people aware [that] hey, regular people are barely getting by."
AILSA CHANG, HOST:
Right now, as you're listening to this, you might be hunkered down at home, doing your part to slow down the spread of the coronavirus. But what do you do if you don't have a home? From Los Angeles County, where 60,000 people are homeless, Anna Scott of member station KCRW has this report.
ANNA SCOTT, BYLINE: For more than a year, Angelo Mike has been living in his beige Camry in LA's San Fernando Valley. It's tough for obvious reasons - no bed, no kitchen, no bathroom - but being organized helps a lot.
MIKE: Now I've got an actual routine. Normally, I'd get up like 5:00, 6:00 a.m. I like to get up early, go to the gym, shower, workout. I was like working out the morning. And then I might go to the library, apply for film gigs there.
SCOTT: He works as a crew member on movie sets.
MIKE: And by the evening, maybe I'd go to like a street vendor for, like, tacos or something.
SCOTT: Then came the coronavirus. Across Los Angeles, gyms, libraries and even many street food vendors have been shut down.
MIKE: Basically, the only place I go now is the park.
SCOTT: But with a lot of rain in recent weeks, even that's been difficult. Mike is one of thousands of people in LA who rely on a kind of unofficial social service network cobbled together from various places that offer running water and a free or cheap seat, like coffee shops. The agency leading homelessness policy during this crisis is the Los Angeles Homeless Services Authority. Its leader, Heidi Marston, says she is concerned about so many places closing.
(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)
HEIDI MARSTON: Just the capacity reduction for locations like that that have served as options for restrooms and handwashing or even just a place where people can go.
SCOTT: And a high priority has been replacing the loss of sink and toilet access at places like libraries and coffee shops.
(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)
MARSTON: So where we're losing capacity, we're spending a lot of time trying to rebuild it, so we're not losing those very critical hygiene services.
SCOTT: For example, they've been working to roll out hundreds of mobile hygiene stations, like one across the street from a large encampment in LA's Echo Park neighborhood.
Right here on the corner, there are two port-a-potties. And then in between them is a little mobile sink with a couple of soap dispensers, some hand sanitizer and paper towels - and a folding chair right next to that with one security guard, Josh Givens.
JOSH GIVENS: We've got all these homeless right here up under the freeway. They use this for sure.
SCOTT: Givens says he's seen about 10 people an hour use the station. City, county and state officials are working on various plans to move unhoused people indoors. That includes creating quarantine spaces for homeless coronavirus patients if necessary. In the meantime, the city is also letting people keep tents up during the day, something normally not allowed. For Angelo Mike, he's been keeping mostly to himself in his car and outdoors. And he's working on new routines. He tried washing up in a park bathroom, but the sink had one of those faucets you have to press continually.
MIKE: You can't rub your hands together. And the water's so cold in the morning, like, it was hurting my hand. I rinse myself off in the morning with just a bottle of water now.
SCOTT: During the day, he wears an old pair of gardening gloves for protection. He's able to pick up meals at a local food bank, but with no library, nowhere to charge his laptop, look for jobs or even just sit, he has a lot of time to fill.
MIKE: Walk around, call my mom because she's back in Virginia, and her job shut down. And it helps to keep moving, so I don't have this anxiety built up in me.
SCOTT: I asked Mike if he'd consider going to a shelter if he had the chance.
MIKE: I've been in a shelter once before. I didn't like it at all. It's a miserable experience.
SCOTT: Most concerning...
MIKE: People are in close quarters with each other.
SCOTT: Something he's especially worried about with the spread of coronavirus - so for now, he'd rather stay in his car.
For NPR News, I'm Anna Scott in Los Angeles. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.